Abies webbiana Lindl.
Synonym A. spectabilis (D. Don)
Pinus webbiana Wall.
Habitat The Himalayas from Kashmir to Assam at altitudes of 1,600–4,000 m.
English Indian Silver Fir, The West-Himalayan High-Level Fir, The East-Himalayan Fir.
Ayurvedic Taalisa, Taalisapatra, Taalisha, Patraadhya, Dhaatriparni, Dhaatripatra.
Folk Badar, Chilrow, Morinda, Raisalla, Taalispatra. (Tallispatra, Taalispatri and Talespattre are also equated with the leaves of Cinnamomum tamala Nees.)
Action Expectorant, bronchial sedative, decongestant, anticatarrhal, antiseptic, carminative.
Key application Fir (Abies alba Miller) needle oil—in catarrhal illness of upper and lower respiratory tract (internally and externally); externally in rheumatic and neuralgic pains. Contraindicated in
bronchial asthma and whooping cough. (German Commission E.)
A biflavonoid, abiesin, n-triacontanol, beta-sitosterol and betuloside are present in the leaves.
The essential oil from leaves contains alpha-pinene, l-limonene, deltacarene, dipentene,
l-bornyl acetate and l-cardinene as major constituents.
Dosage Needles—2-6 g powder.
(API Vol. IV.)